``` g /g/ (拼音g-短声) h /h/ (拼音h-短声-不震动声带) y /j/ (拼音y-也--) yes ---> /jes/ w /w/ (拼音w-短音-我) r /r/ (rue) ``` 另外两个元音`o`和`u` ``` O /ɒ/ 哦(一声) --- box fox coffee dog shop long o字母有时也发o, --- son come color love money U /^/ 哦 --- sum jump nut gum supper us ``` **练习** ``` 哦 /b^s/ /r^bbit/ /^p/ /r^n/ O(一声) /pɒt/ /dɒg/ /gɒt/ /ɒfis/ ``` **短元音** `u`和`e` ``` u /u/ 污 --- look good book foot wood e /ə/ 呃(短声) --- ``` **所有元音** ``` a e i ɒ ^ u ɒ ai ei yi ao a wu e ```